Although terrorism has struck hard at all of our societies over the last decade, the plague of organized crime has also continued to infiltrate these societies, ever less visible each time, but more diversified and more organized in order to increase its gains tenfold and to accumulate the wealth necessary to corrupt and infect economic networks, and finally to threaten the States’ control and its wealth. Whether they are mafias, in the broader sense of the term, or permanent or temporary groups of professional criminals, their illegal actions directly threaten the democracies.
Like other countries, France is of course affected by this threat. Judges, prosecutors and investigative services have in turn had to adapt and organize themselves in order to match the judicial response to the organized criminality. These adjustments result from specialization and a more effective organization of the justice system and investigative services. In 2004, these adjustments included integrating the specificity of organized crime and its methods, creating specialized inter-regional jurisdictions (J.I.R.S.) to confront it and the creation and improvement of legal and technical investigative tools.
In this area more than ever, all the State's resources (judicial, police, customs, tax authorities, financial agencies, etc.), must be coordinated and complementary. More than ever, and not only within the European Union, States must strengthen cooperation even more by promoting all means of operational coordination and information sharing. This purpose of this session is for organized crime fighting professionals to exchange technical know-how. It will enable knowledge and improve how justice is organised and operates, as it confronts organized crime.
Course teaching method:
During conferences and round tables, three lines of reflection will be developed: 1) First, on the phenomenon of organized crime itself: what is the reality behind it? Which offences are applied in France and in the other members of the European Union? Which tools of centralisation and analysis of information on the activity of criminal organizations exist in France and Europe? How are penal policies drawn up in this field? 2) The types of activities controlled by criminal organisations and from which they gain large revenues: drug trafficking, illegal immigration and trafficking in persons, fraud in the European Community budget… 3) Finally, the methodology of investigation and judicial mutual aid: the respective roles of the prosecutor and judicial examination in investigations, implementation of new legal instruments (wiretaps, integrated investigative teams, infiltration, etc…) integration as early as possible of economic and financial investigations in criminal investigations, judicial and police cooperation, techniques of operational analysis. Co-organized with the French National Police School, this session will be open to police superintendents, gendarmerie officers, customs judicial officers and judges of the European judicial network. It will draw upon the experiences of our European colleagues in order to develop, through these exchanges, a common culture which is indispensable in the struggle against a phenomenon which crosses national borders.