Continual progress in the life sciences has brought new practices in the medical field which are not done in the therapeutic interest of the person (taking organs or tissue for transplants); which are part of the vital process (in vitro embryo production for couples seeking medically assisted procreation); which threaten individual liberties (use of the knowledge of the genome; use of personal health data for research). The possibilities which they provide pose continuing questions to physicians, to those requesting these techniques, and generally to all citizens.
The session will offer cross-analyses of these different practices, the conditions of which have been set by these so-called bioethics laws (1994, 2004): practitioners, sociologists, philosophers, anthropologists and lawyers will, in turn, explain the concrete details of these practices as well as the social issues which they raise and the details of regulation by the rules which organize them.
This session will take place in the context of the imminent review of the law concerning bioethics which has been prepared by the “Etats Généraux” of Bioethics in 2009, as well as numerous reports issued during the last several years, certain of which arose from ethical proceedings with a goal of taking into account the diversity of the positions and values at stake.
The aim of the session is especially to permit judges to enrich their reflections on fundamental questions for the evolution of society, some of which give rise to disputes which they may be called to decide.
The presence of the eminent experts brought together around this theme will give a special view enriched by the diversity of the experiences of the participants coming from diverse professional and cultural backgrounds.