There are an increasingly numerous signs in official reports as well as studies and articles that highlight an increasing anxiety in the face of strategic threats represented by the explosion of drug trafficking, especially in cocaine, toward Europe and the consequences on the stability of certain regions, especially in West Africa.
These reports, two of which are important: the 2008 annual report of the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction and “Drug Trafficking As a Threat To The Security In West Africa” – (ONUDC- October 2008) underline the threats represented by drug trafficking;
- a threat for European society with a spectacular increase in the traffic of cocaine and the negatives effects that implies for the health of its population, with the high social costs that it represents
- a threat for the stability of West Africa: following the instability in West Asia, the Caribbean or Central America, it is now West Africa that is drawing attention. Indeed, the extent of the phenomenon, if it is still limited, is growing exponentially and threatens to transform the region into an epicentre of instability and anarchy by destabilizing fragile economies.
Through presentations and discussions, this session will define the different types of threats and the stakes they represent for the states and international organizations concerned.